Question 1 – Written assignment (30 min)
- Name three lighting sources and their functions.
- Name two light modifiers and explain the difference between them.
- Draw a diagram of and describe the three-point lighting setup.
Question 2 – Research assignment (2 hours)
- Draw three studio setups for the following subject matters and list all the equipment you would use to light your subjects:
- In a magazine or on the internet, find one fashion shot, a beauty shot, and a portrait shot and explain how you think the lighting was set up in each shot.
Tungsten lights, LED and compact fluorescent lights are three different lighting sources that all serves the main purpose of illuminating the subject of the shoot, by creating a specific look and feel. This is artificial lighting sources, where as the sun could be used as a natural source.
Two examples of light modifiers is reflectors and softboxes. Reflectors are objects with a reflective surface that casts light on the subject. Softboxes are used to make the light on the subject softer and diffused.
Here is a diagram of a classic three point light setup.
The key light is the main light source used to light up the object/ subject. Its typically the brightest lights and decides there the shadows and highlight will be. It should be placed at en 45 degree angle to the camera.
The fill light helps to fill in the dark shadows that the key light makes, in other words soften the intensity of the light. It should be placed on the opposite side to the key light, also at a 45 degree angle to the camera.
The back light is placed on the opposite side of either the fill og key light. Its used to create light around the subject by highlighting the subjects outline.
This is the photo I chose for fashion photography. Every part of the image is very well lit, therefore the photographer must have used various light sources. There is a faint shadow on the left side of the image, that indicates that the key light is placed on the right side, and probably fill light with lower kelvin on the right side of the subject. It also looks like there is used a reflector because of the beautiful glow on the models skin.
I chose this picture for Beauty photography. It looks like there is a backlight behind the subject since the outline of her face is glowing. The model has shadows on both side of her face, so it looks like the key light is placed almost in the same angle as the camera, above eye level.
This is a beautiful portrait shot I found. First off, it is backlit. You can tell be the glowing rim around her hair and that the black background is lighter in the middle, creating a halo around the subject. The key light is placed on the left side, creating a lot of shadow on the right. There is some highlights on her right cheekbone and jaw, so there is probably a fill light placed on the right side, but further away the camera than the key light. You can also spot some reflection of a flash or ring light in her eyes. There is probably used a softbox as well.